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Reading Room

The reading room includes articles and videos of potential interest to consumers and medical professionals. The opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect the views of the NC Medical Board, its members and staff. Note: Some links may require subscriptions.

Deaths, blindness inked to recalled eye drops contaminated with antibiotic-resistant bacteria

People: Health News
March 22, 2023
An antibiotic-resistant bacteria found in multiple recalled eye drops have caused the death of three individuals.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provided an update on their investigation on Tuesday after multiple eye drops distributed by EzriCare and Delsam Pharma and manufactured under Global Pharma Healthcare were recalled in February due to their contamination of the rare Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria.

According to their findings, 68 individuals in 16 states who used the contaminated eye drops were infected with bacteria. Along with the death of three individuals, eight individuals have gone blind, and four additional individuals have needed the surgical removal of an eyeball.

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This Deadly Fungal Infection Is Spreading Fast — Here’s What To Know

CNN Health
March 21, 2023
A deadly fungal infection called Candida auris — known also as C. auris — is spreading at an “alarming” rate, the CDC warns.

According to a new report published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, the infection, which was originally limited to New York and Chicago, has spread to more than half of U.S. states in recent years. It’s often drug-resistant, and carriers don’t always show symptoms, meaning it transmits rapidly through healthcare facilities.

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Even Small Changes in Fitness Tied to Lower Mortality Risk

March 20, 2023
Even relatively small changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) are associated with “considerable” impact on clinical symptoms and mortality risk among individuals with and without cardiovascular disease, new observational data in United States veterans suggest.

“We had a few surprises,” Peter Kokkinos, PhD, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, and the VA Medical Center, Washington, DC, told | Medscape Cardiology. “First, the mortality risk was greatly attenuated in those who were moderate- and high-fit at baseline, despite a decline in fitness over time. In fact, in those with no CVD, the risk was not significantly elevated even when CRF declined by at least one MET [metabolic equivalent of task] for the moderate-fit and two or more METs for the high-fit group.”

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Got 11 minutes? A daily brisk walk could lower risk for early death.

Washington Post
February 28, 2023
According to the largest study to date of physical activity, disease risk and mortality, walking for at least 11 minutes every day could lower your risk of premature death by almost 25%.

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Why Are ORs So Cold? (It’s Not What You Thought)

Why are operating rooms (ORs) so cold, and why is that so annoying to anesthesiologists? In the video below, Max Feinstein, MD, explains why ORs are cold, and what measures are taken to protect patients against problems associated with low temperatures.

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American Cancer Society warns about potential impact of missed screenings during Covid

February 23, 2023
When the Covid-19 pandemic brought ordinary life to a halt in 2020, routine cancer screenings fell off many people’s list of priorities. Screenings for cervical, breast, and prostate cancer all dropped in the first year of the Covid-19 pandemic, according to a new analysis from the American Cancer Society.

Over the course of 2021, screening levels recovered — but the report’s authors say there’s still reason to be concerned about the impact of missed cancer screenings down the line.

While it’s good that people are resuming their regular visits, the data suggest people haven’t been making up for the missed screens earlier in the pandemic, said Ahmedin Jemal, senior vice president of surveillance and health equity science at the American Cancer Society and the senior author on the study.

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